What are the main signs and symptoms of breast cancer

signs and symptoms of breast cancer

Well, this is a common question or you may have asked the same question to your doctors: what are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?

Your doctor can’t answer the same question in detail in a short time because he has to deal with a lot of people in a day, But our team answered your question in detail and gave an explanation too...

This website is all about Breast Cancer so you can check out more information!

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The main signs and symptoms of breast cancer

Breast cancer can appear in many ways. While some cases of breast cancer are quite obvious, other types are less typical.

Breast cancer usually appears as a lump in the breast that feels thick and hard.

On palpation, it feels different than the adjacent breast tissue. If something is not as obvious as a lump, you may notice changes in breast size or shape.

Dimpling skin may also be a sign of breast cancer. Its texture is similar to the texture of the orange peel. Changes in the area surrounding the nipple, areola, may also suggest malignancy.

Other general symptoms

● Breast or nipple pain
● Withdrawal of the nipple
● Discharge from the nipple
● Itchy breasts
● Changes in breast color

Symptoms do not differ significantly in men and women. Different symptomatology comes with different types and stages of breast cancer.

Breast cancer is the most important thing that helps doctors predict your outcome and prepare your treatment plan.

Breathe breasted stage starts with 0 and ends with IV.

Stage IV breast cancer represents a very severe case that is already spread in other parts of the body.

The most common organs affected by metastatic breast cancer are the liver, brain, bones, or lungs.

The disease is young, but most middle-aged women do

Most women with breast cancer are between the ages of 40 and 60.

But the disease began to grow younger. Last year, a 23-year-old woman from Batken was diagnosed with breast cancer. He had two children.

He went to the mullah until the disease was over and came back late. A mullah cannot find any kind of cancer and cure it.

It is a disease that can be cured by surgery or radiation therapy, chemotherapy.

The earlier a patient comes to the doctor, the easier it is to treat, and the better the chances of recovery. It is estimated that about 600 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year.

Ways to prevent breast cancer

Preventing breast cancer requires a lifestyle change. If you have been exposed to breast cancer risk factors, you can try your risk by changing certain aspects of your daily life.

First, you should be aware of breast cancer screening and self-examination. You can discuss it with your doctor.

Also, you need to limit your alcohol consumption and become more physically active.

Regular exercise on a healthy diet will prevent you from gaining weight. Finally, you should avoid or limit joint therapy after menopause.

However, if you are at a higher risk for breast cancer, you may consider taking additional precautions. Prevention strategies can be pharmacological or surgical.

Preventative drugs, such as estrogen-blocking agents, can lower breast cancer risk.

Surgery to remove your healthy breasts is another way to prevent it. If you are at high risk, you can discuss it with your doctor where the method works for you.

Treatment of breast cancer

Treatment is divided into complex and mixed (combined).

Those who do not want to receive chemotherapy. The treatment is not only surgery but also radiation and chemotherapy.

It depends on whether the tumor is benign or malignant. Treatment of breast cancer with radiation and chemotherapy is often successful and allows you to live longer.

People with stage 3-4 of the disease are better treated in this way.

However, there is no cure in oncology, Those who have been treated for more than 25 years can be found.

Stage 1 :

In stage 1 of the disease, the tumor can grow up to 2 centimeters. Therefore, this type can be completely cured.

Stage 2 :

In stage 2, if the tumor grows to 2-5 centimeters, it can also be treated with radiation therapy.

Stage 3 :

In stage 3, the tumor grows to more than five inches [5 cm].

Stage 4 :

In stage 4, the tumor has completely disappeared. In this case, the patient's breast must be completely amputated.

Besides, treatment is carried out according to the analysis. There are fewer deaths from breast cancer than from stomach cancer. For example, 600 women get sick every year, and about 200 of them die.

Causes of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is one of the common malignant tumors in women. Its incidence is often related to genetic factors.

The incidence of women before and after menopause is relatively high.

(1) Genetic factors.

Studies have found that women whose mothers had bilateral breast cancer before menopause are 9 times more likely to suffer from breast cancer,

and the average age of breast cancer patients in the second generation of breast cancer is about 10 years earlier than the average person.

Among the sisters, women with breast cancer are three times more dangerous than ordinary women. It should be emphasized that breast cancer is not directly inherited, but a kind of "cancer quality".

Relatives of breast cancer patients are not necessarily suffering from breast cancer but are more likely than ordinary people to suffer from breast cancer.

(2) Menarche early menopause late

The incidence of breast cancer in women is relatively low at the age of 0-24 years, gradually increases after the age of 25, reaches the peak in the 50-54 age group, and gradually decreases after the age of 55.

Compared with menopausal age less than 12 years old and more than 17 years old, the relative risk of breast cancer increased by 2.2 times.

Amenorrhea age is greater than 55 years old and the risk of breast cancer is doubled than those less than 45 years old.

Early menarche and late menopause are the two most important risk factors for breast cancer.

(3) Healthy eating habits

Unhealthy eating habits have caused a significant increase in the probability of breast cancer. The incidence and mortality of breast cancer have a strong relationship with the amount of fat digested per capita.

The high income of some company employees has resulted in a high standard of living, and the diet has changed.

People ’s diets are mainly based on meat and seafood products, and they have gradually formed a more “popular” acidic body.

Most people have formed an unscientific and unhealthy "high-calorie, high-fat" diet, resulting in a greatly increased incidence of breast cancer.

(4) Marriage and childbirth

Epidemiological studies have shown that although women are married and infertile or the first child is also an unfavorable factor after the age of 30,

the risk of breast cancer in unmarried persons is twice that of married persons.

Experts believe that fertility has a protective effect on the breast, but only refers to those who have a full-term birth before the age of 30.

Studies in recent years have suggested that breastfeeding has a protective effect on the occurrence of breast cancer, mainly for premenopausal women.

(5) Ionizing radiation

The breast is a tissue that is more sensitive to the carcinogenic activity of ionizing radiation. When young, it is the stage of the mitotic activity of the breast.

It is the most sensitive to the carcinogenic effects of ionizing radiation, and the effects of ionizing radiation are additive.

Multiple low-dose exposures have the same degree of risk as a large-dose exposure, with a dose-effect relationship. Among the survivors of the atomic bombing in Nagasaki, Japan, the proportion of breast cancer has increased significantly.

Those who received chest radiotherapy in childhood and adolescence have also increased their chances of developing breast cancer when they grow up.

(6) Unhealthy lifestyle

Some white-collar women who have long been engaged in office work have less hyperactivity, lack of exercise, less exposure to sunlight, more exercise in the sun, and more sweating.

Cole helps to eliminate excess acid waste in the body.

However, people are now taking the place of cars instead of walking, and the amount of exercise is greatly reduced.

Acid metabolites will stay in the body for a long time, resulting in the acidification of the system.

Most professional women have tight bras for a long time due to their working relationship, so it is rare to loosen their breasts.

Some professional women live under the pressure of work or pursue career success, live a single aristocratic or Dink life, do not get married. These factors are related to breast disease.

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